November 18th, 2015
The old maxim reflects that often it are the times that make the man. In the case of Walter “Nurget” Stadnick, it is possible to propose that, in this case, the man indeed made the times. Walodomyr, also referred to as Walter or Nurget to his friends, was born in the early 1950s and would one day assume the role of Canada’s most pre-eminent outlaw biker, surpassing even the infamous Maurice “Mom” Boucher as perhaps one of the most influential and farseeing criminals to be produced in Canada to this day.
Stadnick’s story is important, not only because of his pivotal role in the Canadian underworld and the myriad ripples his presence would continue to cause, but because he represents a definitive change in the pattern of outlaw biker behaviour in Canada, one that had existed, to some extent, across the Western World since the 1950s: criminal biker fraternities, along with their networks of drug smuggling, prostitution and extortion, have gone international. Further explanation of this shift in the outlaw biker operational paradigm is likely required.
The long-established organized crime arrangement in Canada existed for the better part of a century with traditional organized crime groups holding sway in large cities with related ethnic pockets to support their integration into the community and provide resource support (recruitment, money laundering, extortion, etc). These top operators would leverage their connections in other areas of the Globe to facilitate the importation of contraband into Canada. (The Cotroni and later Rizzuto Crime families in Montreal with their traditional ties to Sicily and Venezuela are a perfect example of this arrangement, as are the Hamilton clans operating under the auspices of the Maggaddino Crime Family in the greater Buffalo area; in British Columbia this role was often held by south and east Asian syndicates). Once the illicit narcotics or other materials were successfully brought in they would be sold at wholesale to other local and regional criminal networks, such as larger street gangs, large scale drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) and outlaw biker gangs (or, in their parlance, motorcycle clubs (MC)).
In this conventional arrangement the “one-percenter” motorcycle clubs – called so because police have claimed that 99% of motorcycle enthusiasts are not involved in illegal dealings, making the remaining outlaw club members the final one percent – operated as mid-tier or even street level distribution organizations. Like in traditional organized crime, the onus is often on each perspective member to contribute weekly earnings to their respective overseer. The origin of the earnings is generally not an issue as long as the tribute is paid and it is not often up to the leadership to provide “earning” opportunities, although bosses who are able to provide these often enjoy much longer reigns at the top.
In this piece we will explore how the Hells Angels, who have become Canada’s most significant outlaw motorcycle gang, have gone from operating street and mid-tier distribution networks to becoming international importers and exporters of illegal drugs, and have thus cemented a much more important role in the Canadian and North American criminal landscape.
To this day only Walter Stadnick’s closest friends know exactly what is meant by the moniker “Nurget”. To be sure, there are many derivative meanings that have been gleaned over the years; the Urban Dictionary defines it as a small, tough, wombat-sized animal from Central America and, indeed, given Stadnick’s smaller frame and tough reputation this meaning fits quite well. Nurget was born in Hamilton during the heyday of the city’s post-war industrial boom. As he grew up, Stadnick would have been able to witness the growing degradation in the community as part of the drive by regional elites across the Western World to facilitate a post-industrial climate in urban regions. Hamilton, the “steel town” of Canada, was no exception. To match this gritty setting and in spite of his diminutive 5’4″ frame, by the time he was in his early 20s Stadnick was known to police as a local drug dealer and as someone with a growing reputation for toughness in the street.
This burgeoning criminal ambition manifested itself in the form of motorcycle gang membership when Stadnick joined the Cossacks MC in the mid-1970s. A small-time bunch of criminals, Stadnick soon grew disenchanted with the limited scope and outlook of the membership and quickly moved on to another regional oranization, the Wild Ones MC. The Wild Ones operated as a recruitment tool and farm team for Satan’s Choice MC, a much more serious and established biker gang that operated chapters throughout Ontario. Canada’s most populous province was, at the time, not dominated by any single criminal group and, more than any other Canadian province, was considered open territory for all outlaw motorcycle gangs. Besides Satan’s Choice, there were also the Para-Dice Riders MC, the Vagabonds MC, the Red Devils MC as well as a multitude of other criminal and semi-criminal clubs that were more interested in operating under the banner of the rebel biker lifestyle than actually becoming big time criminals or criminal syndicates in their own right.
Despite his move up the criminal ladder to the Wild Ones MC, Stadnick soon realized that his new gang basically functioned in the same limited capacity as the Cossacks and were completely beholden to the higher-ups in Satan’s Choice. He grew tired of running errands and taking the heat for Satan’s Choice members on jobs where the majority of the loot went to them while the risk remained primarily with Stadnick and his associates. All of this would change in 1977 when Stadnick heard the rumours of a much larger and more powerful outlaw biker entity making its way to Canada – the Hells Angels.
Anxious to make his mark and improve his criminal lot in life, Stadnick and two buddies from the Wild Ones drove to Montreal on their Harley Davidsons in 1978 with the goal of joining the proverbial big boys of the North American outlaw biker scene. While their intentions were productive in a criminal sense, the location of the meeting itself and its purpose had been ascertained by the trio’s leadership in the Wild Ones and their superiors in Satan’s Choice. The process of abandoning one’s club for another is referred to as “patching-over” and is considered an extremely serious and potentially hazardous decision to make in the outlaw biker community. To patch-over without permission or to ask to leave one’s club can be a death sentence. It can also put the person seeking the prospective patch-over at odds with their chosen future club. Biker gangs value loyalty to their brand or patch above almost any other character trait and, as such, many bikers have been killed or injured by their prospective club for even asking to leave their former club and join up as this is seen as an unwelcome trait for any wannabe member. Consequently, the Wild Ones and Satan’s Choice were not amused by the perceived betrayal and endeavoured to show the Angels and their own rebel members that such a move could not be made without repercussions.
At the meeting, which took place in a bar in south Montreal, Stadnick and his two friends were ambushed by several men in masks who turned out to also be members of the Wild Ones. Stadnick’s two associates were killed in the ensuing gunfire, which also led to the wounding of the two Hells Angels members who were there to meet the three prospective members. Despite receiving extremely serious wounds in the attack the two Hells Angels members survived and were keen for revenge. The Hells Angels new Montreal chapter was not one to be taken lightly and the subsequent conflict between this chapter and Satan’s Choice in Ontario would lead to several related fatalities and the eventual dissolution of the Wild Ones. With the disbandment of this particular club Walter Stadnick could no longer be accused of being a traitor and could therefore go to whatever club would have him. He also managed to leave Hamilton under peaceable, if not relatively amicable terms Satan’s Choice – a relationship that would serve him well in later years.
By 1982 Stadnick was an official Hells Angels prospect in Montreal and by 1987 had completed the requisite five year initiation period becoming a full patch member. By 1988 he was the Canadian national president of the Hells Angels.
A Brief History of Canadian Biker Politics:
At this point it becomes important to take a few moments and reflect on the state of the Hells Angels in Canada in the mid-1980s in order to set the scene for Stadnick and his later expansionist vision. As eluded to earlier, the ostensible biker mystique in Canada and the United States had always been, up until this period, of a bunch of renegades who live life fast and hard, not playing by the rules of society that hinder their free-loving and rebel spirit. For the most part, this image was not necessarily incorrect at the time. The Hells Angels, also known as the “HA” or “Big Red Machine”, began when a group of Second World War American fighter pilots founded a motorcycle club after the conflict in order to relive their time as warriors of the sky, living for the moment in a period of strife and death. Their movement coincided with other similar ideas being practiced by other motorcycle groups and soon spread from California, Texas and the Midwest across the continent to the cities of the east coast where the growing urban decay made for a perfect recruiting ground.
In the 1970s the rebel biker who had a rebellious but good-old-boy image was slowly being replaced by the more dangerous version witnessed today. Access to large drug profits that were being made by the more criminally ambitious members of the biker fraternity irreparably altered the outlaw biker landscape. Biker gangs that were founded to promote brotherhood and a clandestine environment of loyalty to the club became perfect organizations to conduct illicit activities, and large biker clubs discovered that increasing their access to drugs and the establishment of distribution networks gave them more of the power, money and prestige they craved and sought.
The HA first reared its head in Canada in the city of Montreal in 1977. The decision to establish their first Canadian chapter in the largest city of La Belle Province was no coincidence. As has been discussed in previous PanAm Crime articles, Montreal has played a pre-eminent role in the North American drug trade since the 1930s. Its deep water harbour, tradition of corruption, vice and excess, access to the Great Lakes transportation system and, most importantly, being only a short drive from the city of New York means that any organization with a foothold in the city will be in a prime position to exert its criminal policies across the Canadian and North American underworld.
Utilizing the tactic that Stadnick would later use throughout Canada, the HA established themselves in the city by patching-over the most dangerous and criminally-focussed biker gang it had: the Popeyes. The Popeyes occupied just a small piece of the criminal puzzle in Montreal at the time, but their location in the gritty, southern part of the city ensured a connection to the criminal elements that controlled the all-important port, such as the Sicilian faction of the Montreal Mafia and the Irish West End Gang. This period proved to be one of great expansion for the HA in Quebec and it was during this era that the five major chapters were formed in the Province. One of these was based in the city of Sherbrooke, located on the scenic South Shore, a relatively short drive from Montreal proper. The event that occurred within this chapter would prove momentous for the biker community in Quebec and also serves as a revealing moment of crisis and policy divergence in the culture of Canadian bikers that was identified previously.
On March 24, 1985, members of the Laval or North chapter located in Laval, Quebec, north of Montreal were invited to a party at the Lennoxville clubhouse of the Sherbrooke chapter that was to be attended by the other members of the North chapter as well as the greater Sherbrooke chapter membership. The nominal purpose of this meeting was to have a prototypical biker party – drugs, prostitutes and alcohol. However, the members of the Sherbrooke chapter had another idea. The leadership in Montreal under Sonny Barger – who, as much as Stadnick, can be credited with transforming the biker subculture in Canada, leading to brush cuts and business degrees as much as beards and choppers – had grown tired of the Laval chapter’s inability to make money and their consumption of their own illicit merchandise. During the party five members of the Laval chapter, including the chapter president Laurent “L’Anglaise” Viau, would be brutally murdered. The other four victims included: Jean-Guy “Brutus” Geoffrion, Jean-Pierre “Matt le Crosseur” Mathieu, Michel “Willie” Mayrand, and Guy-Louis “Chop” Adam. Seven of the remaining members of this particular chapter would soon be arrested and charged with the crime after divers found the five bodies floating at the bottom of the St. Lawrence River wrapped in sleeping bags and chains. All of them would serve a variety of different sentences before being eventually released.
While the murders themselves were heinous, and all the more so as they represented the worst form of betrayal by friends, they were a sign of the changing times in the Quebec outlaw biker world. The presence of lucrative money-making opportunities through the sale of illicit narcotics simply provided too great of a temptation to the outlaw biker community. While several members of the Laval Angels chapter had realized the potential of drug sales and its relationship with the success of the HA, the chapter president, Laurent “L’Anglaise” Viau, and some of his supporters still viewed the biker life as one dedicated to the lifestyle of the relatively loveable renegade, rather than as part of a ruthless and organized criminal subculture. The leadership in Montreal as well as the Sherbrooke chapter and specific Laval members were tired of Viau and others consuming all of the drugs they were supposed to be selling and partying every night to the point where potential business interests suffered. The conclusion reached by the Canadian HA leadership would prove to be the most important in Canadian outlaw biker history in terms of signalling a moment of policy divergence in the Canadian outlaw biker environment. Indeed, the crisis point of the Lennoxville massacre moved the HA in Canada from a bunch of thugs and motorcycle party-goers to an organized criminal syndicate that would protect its business interests with intense violence and focus its energies on obtaining criminal income rather than simply the quasi-ritual relationship between biker brothers and having a proverbial good time.
The Lennoxville Massacre also had another major effect on the Canadian outlaw biker landscape. Two brothers who had been key players within the biker underworld in Montreal were horrified by what they saw as a major breach in biker-fraternity protocol. Salvatore Cazzetta and his brother Giovanni were large-scale drug traffickers who had been members of the SS MC, along with Maurice “Mom” Boucher, another infamous Canadian biker personality. Whereas “Mom” Boucher would be arrested for sexual assault on a minor and eventually join the Angels upon his release in 1987, the Cazzettas would go on to form the Rock Machine, an outlaw biker gang that stood opposed to HA expansion in Montreal and Quebec.
The Rock Machine was founded in 1986, approximately one year after the Lennoxville Massacre. Initially, the Rock Machine and HA coincided relatively peacefully. Several factors contributed to this arrangement. Firstly, Boucher and the Cazzettas had a longstanding personal relationship going back to their days with the SS. Secondly, and perhaps more importantly, the Cazzettas were themselves associates of the Mafia groups in Montreal. The Sicilian faction had taken control in the 1970s and by the 1980s was flooding the city with cocaine from Venezuela and Hashish from Lebanon, among other substances. The Cazzettas and the Rock Machine, as all outlaw biker gangs at the time, functioned as mid-tier dealers for these mafia groups and distributed the narcotics to other bikers for sale as well as street-level dealers and other small, regional DTOs. Even the emerging HA knew better than to obstruct personal and business relationships established by Cosa Nostra. Giovanni Cazzetta was known to be particularly close with several prominent mafia members.
While these relationships with traditional organized crime allowed the Cazzettas and their new club to gain wealth and notoriety, their success would not last forever. In 1994 Sal Cazzetta would be arrested for drug trafficking, with Giovanni fallowing suit in 1997. With the elder Cazzetta behind bars, in 1994 Stadnick, Mom Boucher and the other senior HA membership finally felt secure enough to enact their grand biker strategy for the Province. The conflict, what would come to be known as the Quebec Biker War, would last from 1994 until late 2002. While the specific events and acts of violence attributed to this conflict are not the subject of this article, the outcomes are as important as the causes to understanding the contemporary Canadian outlaw biker club.
The conflict would begin with the HA taxing local drug dealers and other biker groups. The Rock Machine refused all demands made by the HA, and assassinations and bombings soon ensued. Over the eight year period 85 bombings would occur and over 150 people would be killed in the conflict, including two Quebec prison guards by direct order of Mom Boucher as well as 11-year-old Daniel Desrochers. who was playing near a jeep when it was blown up by a remote-control explosive device; (meaning, the assassin saw the boy playing and blew it up anyway). Eventually, the Rock Machine would sign an alliance and patched-over temporarily to the HA’s most hated rivals – the Bandidos MC. The Bandidos continue to be one of the largest and most aggressive criminal biker groups in America and their participation only added to the ferociousness of the conflict and rejuvenated the resistance to the Angels. Hit squads on both sides, such as the Rock Machine’s Dark Circle, would fan out across greater Montreal seeking victims until the conflict quieted down in 2002.
Operation Springtime in 2001 would result in the arrest of the Quebec Nomads chapter of the HA, including Stadnick and Mom Boucher, which functioned as the leadership group for the Canadian HA chapters. (Note: see end of article for list of HA Nomads). At the time of the arrests police surmised that the HA were soundly winning the conflict, with the Nomads chapter alone taking in $5.5 million a month in profits from drug sales. However, the seriousness of the conflict would see ongoing police scrutiny leading to Operation SharQc in 2009, which resulted in 111 full-patch HA members being rounded and sentenced to considerable prison time, decimating the five remaining local HA chapters.
While Boucher is often looked upon and blamed for the policies that set in motion the Quebec Biker War, it should be remembered that many other prominent Angels supported him in this endeavour, including Walter Stadnick; (interestingly, in 2014 Boucher had his protection pulled from him in prison by the HA, who continue to blame him for the many arrests and loss in profits suffered). Besides being elected national president of the HA in 1988, Stadnick was also one of the founding members of the Nomads chapter in Quebec in 1995, shortly after the start of the conflict. The term “Nomads” denotes a club chapter that has no set boundaries for its business interests and is welcomed anywhere throughout the Province or country. In essence, it functions as the command and control node for the organization, one that sets policy and is seen as dominant over the other chapter beholden to it.
The establishment of a Nomads chapter is only one way in which the new biker identity in Canada was established through the joint influences of Stadnick and the Quebec conflict. Stadnick also sought to coordinate all of the biker groups across Canada under the auspices of the HA. In the largest known patching-over initiative ever witnessed publicly, Stadnick worked throughout the latter half of the 1990s to re-establish ties with outlaw Ontario biker clubs, large and small. Finally, in the year 2000, Stadnick achieved his goal and well over 100 bikers from 14 chapters across Ontario, specifically the Para-Dice Riders, Last Chance and Satan’s Choice MC, patched over to the HA. At the time, southern Ontario was said to have the largest concentration of HA members in the World. But Stadnick’s work was not limited to Ontario and Quebec. His goals were national.
While courting the Ontario outlaw biker fraternities, he was also planting relationships across the country, including the prairie provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, where the city of Winnipeg functions as a major transit hub for cross Canadian shipping and transit. As part of his national campaign of HA dominance it is known that during the mid-1990s Stadnick developed close connections to two Winnipeg-based outlaw biker groups with the goal of having them join the HA: the Silent Riders and the Los Bravos. Yet, conflicts between the two groups continued despite the intervention of Stadnick. Finally, the ongoing violence and undisciplined behaviour of several of the senior Silent Rider members, including the brother of Silent Rider president Darwin Sylvester, resulted in the sole patching-over of the Los Bravos to the HA.
Many of the Silent Riders considered renewing the violence with the newly formed Manitoba chapter of the HA; however, Darwin Sylvester disappeared (presumed murdered) before any repeated acts of violence could threaten the new HA hegemony in the Province. While further acts of unrest and violence would occur intermittently, the flag of the Big Red Machine was firmly established in central Canada.
The Contemporary Canadian Biker Landscape:
Stadnick and his Nomads comrades received sentences in Operation Springtime (“Printemps” en Francais) ranging from 20 years to life. Stadnick and three others would be released by 2014 or on temporary release conditions, most of which expire by 2019 or earlier. Other bikers would receive life sentences for murder or other serious crimes, but many, including the majority arrested under Operation SharQc in 2009, will soon be back on the streets or, indeed, already are.
In an interesting post-script to the Quebec Biker War, the Cazzetta brothers, who were instrumental in setting up the HA’s principle rival and foe the Rock Machine, apparently had a falling out with other Rock Machine leadership during the conflict and emerged from prison in 2004 and 2005 respectively as either full patch Hells Angels or respected associates on their way to full membership. In fact, Salvatore Cazzetta was recently arrested in the combined police operations Mastiff and Magot he where is listed as a full patch Hells Angel. His brother Giovanni, released in 2005, has remained a Montreal mafia associate and it is possible to see the long arm of their mafia-HA-SS MC connections through the recent accusations being made by law enforcement that include a plot by imprisoned-for-life HA leader Mom Boucher to murder imprisoned Montreal mafia rebel faction leader Reynald Desjardins, who is also currently in prison for the murder of former ally and former Bonanno Crime Family boss Salvatore Montagna in November, 2011 near Montreal. Again, the power of organized crime waxes and wanes based on connections and the loyalty they bring, not necessarily money, the power of which is variable and dependent upon these networks. Cazzetta was believed to now be a stalwart HA supporter in the years post-Operation SharQc and is considered partially responsible for maintaining the HA’s market share in the lucrative Montreal underground marketplace for illegal drugs.
What this network demonstrates is that the HA have progressed, under Stadnick’s and others’ leadership, to be a national and international DTO entity in its own right. Through the HA’s interest and partial control of the Akwesasne Mohawk Reserve, which straddles the American-Canadian border southwest of Montreal, the biker gang has been able to finance and bring in major shipments of illicit narcotics for distribution through its network of Quebec-based dealers, or to ship their consignments throughout the country. They also ship large, high-grade marijuana shipments to American organized crime groups, both regional or international in scope. To provide and example of the scale of their operations, which have risen well beyond the typical mid-tier level, Donald “Pup” Stockford – who was an Ontario-based Montreal HA in the Nomad chapter – was responsible for moving 267 kilos of cocaine and 173 kilos of hashish in the year 2000 alone, one in which the Angels also remained at war with the Rock Machine MC. This mastery of the narcotics trade has come about through their partnership with the West End Irish mob of Montreal and the incredibly powerful Montreal mafia, who maintain international narcotics contacts in Europe and South America as well as control of the Port of Montreal.
Throughout central Canada the Angels have been in full rebuild mode, establishing their US-based puppet club – the Red Devils MC – in Ontario. The former Red Devils MC, a Canadian club, have recently patched-over to the maritime-based Bacchus MC, who filled the void left by the dismantlement of the Angels in Halifax under Operation Hammer in 2003. Through their puppet club, the Gate Keepers MC, the Angels are expected by police intelligence agencies in the region to make a return to the east coast city soon. The new Red Devils MC have been seen in Stadnick’s old stomping grounds of Hamilton and other southern Ontario cities, and it is expected they will serve as conduits between the HA and other lower level and mid-tier DTOs.
Although not a product of Stadnick’s ingenuity, the HA of British Columbia have replicated the pattern seen here and have established a stranglehold over the mid-tier DTOs in the Lower Mainland of BC as well as the north and interior regions, such as the Okanogan Valley. The HA have maintained close ties with local mid-level and distribution-level DTOs, such as the UN gang in greater Vancouver. Founded as a local DTO, the gang has engaged in brutal gang wars with the Red Scorpions and other rivals in the past, and for several years also functioned in many respects as a recruitment gang for the HA, with several senior members becoming key associates and members. The BC HA chapters have also formed important business deals with Mexican cartels and Asian syndicates. All of this has been due to their ongoing control of the major ports in BC through their control of the International Longshoremen’s Union locals in that province. Their stranglehold over the port facilities allows for the HA to again participate in international smuggling, giving them national control over distribution rings and networks. Further evidence of the BC HA chapters international designs can be found with the deaths of HA associates from Kamloops, BC. Gordon Douglas Kendall and Jeffrey Ronald Ivans were both killed in Puerta Vallarta, Mexico on September 27, 2009. Interestingly, members of the UN gang have also been found murdered in Mexico: Elliot Castenada; Salih Abdelaziz Sahbaz. The fates of each group of men were likely due to the politics of Mexican drug trafficking and a desire by local cartel groups to eliminate the sources of demand for their competition.
The rise of the HA following the massacre at the Lennoxville HA clubhouse began the shift towards a new era for Canadian biker gangs. While certain chapters of the HA exemplify this new reality, even the HA’s rivals have caught on to the new operational paradigm that is now in place. The Vagos MC, a US-based club, recently came to Canada and reportedly signed some accommodation with the Outlaws MC, although it is unclear what the extent of their cooperation truly is. The Outlaws MC have reportedly consolidated their three Toronto chapters and have maintained a grip on specific networks within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) in an effort to halt expanding HA influence. No longer simply bearded drug-addicts with rebel hearts, the outlaw biker world in Canada has progressed to the point where it inhabits a place of its own on the organized crime hierarchy. While not as large in scope as international syndicates, Latin American transnational criminal organizations and specific mafia groups, the large outlaw biker gangs now occupy a space above the midlevel DTO or street gang, and are rightly feared. Walter Stadnick personifies this shift and contributed to its creation.
“Nurget” was released from prison in 2014, close to the Christmas holidays. His parole conditions include: not associating with former criminal colleagues or known criminals; returning to his abode at a local halfway house by 9pm; and, he cannot own a motorcycle. While restrictive, these conditions end in 2019 and will likely not be enough to halt the ingenuity of Stadnick who, while incarcerated, was believed to have been involved in extensive loan-sharking and contraband smuggling, despite also being described as a friendly and model prisoner in many other ways. There is no doubt that now, with his vision of a national crime syndicate with international ties firmly entrenched in spite of his 14 year stretch in prison, he will continue to promote the national and international interests of the organization he has led and helped build within Canada since 1982. With every geographic area of the country now clearly within the Angels’ control or firm orbit of influence the only remaining question is: where will Stadnick lead Canada’s largest and most dangerous outlaw biker entity now?
By: Scott Paulseth
Current HA status by Canadian province:
Ontario – 15
British Columbia – 8
Quebec – 5
Alberta – 3/5
Saskatchewan – 2
Manitoba – 1
Nova Scotia – Dismantled in operation Hammer (2003); rumoured to be regaining influence.
Other Quebec Nomads Members:
Maurice “Mom” Boucher – architect of the Quebec biker war in many ways; Considered to be paramount leader of Quebec HA during biker war and was responsible for ordering the assassination of two Quebec prison guards as well as the bomb that killed a local boy, Daniel Desroches, 11; reportedly kicked out of the HA in 2014, still in prison.
Donald “Pup” Stockford – Ontario HA, like Stadnick; Stockford also served as Vice President of Quebec Nomads Chapter between 1996 and 2000.
Denis “Pas Fiable” Houle – arrested “Operation Springtime” and given 20 year sentence.
Gilles “Trooper” Matthieu – arrested “Operation Springtime” and given 20 year sentence; claims to have quit HA.
David “Wolf” Carroll – disappeared before Operation Springtime and police believe he is still on the lam; there is a strong possibility that he has been murdered.
Rene “Baoune” Charlebois – killed himself after escaping from prison in September 2013 and being on the run for 12 days; Charlebois developed a relationship with Montreal detective Benoit Roberge, who was sentenced to 8 years in prison for passing secrets to the HA.
Andre Chouinard – reportedly left the HA; still incarcerated.
Paul “Fon Fon” Fontaine – part of East Montreal chapter and an early acolyte of Boucher’s; Fontaine is serving life for his role in shooting two prison guards, one of whom died.
Richard “Dick” Mayrand – took over as Nomads head in 2000 as Boucher was on trial for murder. remains a HA supporter regardless of the fact that his brother was killed as part of Lennoxville purge in 1985.
Normand “Norm” Robitaille – has reportedly left the HA; released.
Michel Rose – claims to have left HA; released.
Richard “Rick” Vallée – arrested for murder committed in USA; currently incarcerated at Lewisburg Penitentiary.
Toronto Star, January 21, 2015, http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2015/01/21/hells-angel-walter-stadnick-back-on-the-streets.html
Toronto Star, May 27, 2015, http://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2015/05/27/no-happy-trails-for-paroled-hells-angel-walter-stadnick.html
Winnipeg Free Press, December 14, 2007, http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/historic/32634029.html
CBC News, November 11, 2013, http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/hamilton/news/hamilton-biker-s-death-looks-like-a-gang-style-hit-expert-says-1.2422004
National Post, December 29, 2014, http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/what-became-of-mom-bouchers-boys-dead-studying-incarcerated-released-or-on-the-lam
Fallen Angel Kara, February 6, 2013, http://fallenangelkara.weebly.com/1/post/2013/06/walter-stadnick-working-his-way-up-and-his-journey-to-the-hells-angels.html
CBC News, July 13, 2011, http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/biker-gangs-in-canada-1.775978
National Post , 2015, http://news.nationalpost.com/hells-angels-in-canada
Toronto Star, September 28, 2009, http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/2009/09/28/canadians_slain_in_mexico_linked_to_hells_angels.html
Vancouver Sun, May 14, 2015, http://www.vancouversun.com/news/Crime+Waterfront+When+Hells+Angel+nominates+another+Hells+Angel/11050005/story.html
Herald News, September 18, 2014, http://thechronicleherald.ca/novascotia/1237334-hells-angels-building-up-for-return-to-halifax
Jerry Langton, Fallen Angel: The Unlikely Rise of Walter Stadnick and the Canadian Hells Angels, 2006.
Paul Cherry, The Biker Trials – Bringing Down the Hells Angels, 2005.
Stephen Schneider, Iced: The Story of Organized Crime in Canada, 2009.